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Yet another command-line parser

The snippet shows a parser for command-line arguments supporting value lists for single commands. Calling with the following arguments: "Arg 1" "Arg 2" -test "Case 1" "Case 2" -show -skip "tag" produces the following map: map [("", seq ["Arg 1"; "Arg 2"]); ("show", seq []); ("skip", seq ["tag"]);("test", seq ["Case 1"; "Case 2"])] which can be used to find what data have been sent along with different commands. Calling with the following: "Arg 1" "Arg 2" /test="Case 1" "Case 2" --show /skip:tag produces the same result.

Parsing command-line arguments

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// parse command using regex
// if matched, return (command name, command value) as a tuple
let (|Command|_|) (s:string) =
  let r = new Regex(@"^(?:-{1,2}|\/)(?<command>\w+)[=:]*(?<value>.*)$",RegexOptions.IgnoreCase)
  let m = r.Match(s)
  if m.Success
  then 
    Some(m.Groups.["command"].Value.ToLower(), m.Groups.["value"].Value)
  else
    None

// take a sequence of argument values
// map them into a (name,value) tuple
// scan the tuple sequence and put command name into all subsequent tuples without name
// discard the initial ("","") tuple
// group tuples by name 
// convert the tuple sequence into a map of (name,value seq)
let parseArgs (args:string seq) =
  args 
  |> Seq.map (fun i -> 
                    match i with
                    | Command (n,v) -> (n,v) // command
                    | _ -> ("",i)            // data
                  )
  |> Seq.scan (fun (sn,_) (n,v) -> if n.Length>0 then (n,v) else (sn,v)) ("","")
  |> Seq.skip 1
  |> Seq.groupBy (fun (n,_) -> n)
  |> Seq.map (fun (n,s) -> (n, s |> Seq.map (fun (_,v) -> v) |> Seq.filter (fun i -> i.Length>0)))
  |> Map.ofSeq
val s : string
Multiple items
val string : value:'T -> string

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.string

--------------------
type string = System.String

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.string
val r : Regex
Multiple items
type Regex =
  new : pattern:string -> Regex + 1 overload
  member GetGroupNames : unit -> string[]
  member GetGroupNumbers : unit -> int[]
  member GroupNameFromNumber : i:int -> string
  member GroupNumberFromName : name:string -> int
  member IsMatch : input:string -> bool + 1 overload
  member Match : input:string -> Match + 2 overloads
  member Matches : input:string -> MatchCollection + 1 overload
  member Options : RegexOptions
  member Replace : input:string * replacement:string -> string + 5 overloads
  ...

Full name: System.Text.RegularExpressions.Regex

--------------------
Regex(pattern: string) : unit
Regex(pattern: string, options: RegexOptions) : unit
type RegexOptions =
  | None = 0
  | IgnoreCase = 1
  | Multiline = 2
  | ExplicitCapture = 4
  | Compiled = 8
  | Singleline = 16
  | IgnorePatternWhitespace = 32
  | RightToLeft = 64
  | ECMAScript = 256
  | CultureInvariant = 512

Full name: System.Text.RegularExpressions.RegexOptions
field RegexOptions.IgnoreCase = 1
val m : Match
Regex.Match(input: string) : Match
Regex.Match(input: string, startat: int) : Match
Regex.Match(input: string, beginning: int, length: int) : Match
property Group.Success: bool
union case Option.Some: Value: 'T -> Option<'T>
property Match.Groups: GroupCollection
union case Option.None: Option<'T>
val parseArgs : args:seq<string> -> Map<string,seq<string>>

Full name: Script.parseArgs
val args : seq<string>
Multiple items
val seq : sequence:seq<'T> -> seq<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.seq

--------------------
type seq<'T> = System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.seq<_>
module Seq

from Microsoft.FSharp.Collections
val map : mapping:('T -> 'U) -> source:seq<'T> -> seq<'U>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Seq.map
val i : string
active recognizer Command: string -> (string * string) option

Full name: Script.( |Command|_| )
val n : string
val v : string
val scan : folder:('State -> 'T -> 'State) -> state:'State -> source:seq<'T> -> seq<'State>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Seq.scan
val sn : string
property System.String.Length: int
val skip : count:int -> source:seq<'T> -> seq<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Seq.skip
val groupBy : projection:('T -> 'Key) -> source:seq<'T> -> seq<'Key * seq<'T>> (requires equality)

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Seq.groupBy
val s : seq<string * string>
val filter : predicate:('T -> bool) -> source:seq<'T> -> seq<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Seq.filter
Multiple items
module Map

from Microsoft.FSharp.Collections

--------------------
type Map<'Key,'Value (requires comparison)> =
  interface IEnumerable
  interface IComparable
  interface IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<'Key,'Value>>
  interface ICollection<KeyValuePair<'Key,'Value>>
  interface IDictionary<'Key,'Value>
  new : elements:seq<'Key * 'Value> -> Map<'Key,'Value>
  member Add : key:'Key * value:'Value -> Map<'Key,'Value>
  member ContainsKey : key:'Key -> bool
  override Equals : obj -> bool
  member Remove : key:'Key -> Map<'Key,'Value>
  ...

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Map<_,_>

--------------------
new : elements:seq<'Key * 'Value> -> Map<'Key,'Value>
val ofSeq : elements:seq<'Key * 'T> -> Map<'Key,'T> (requires comparison)

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Map.ofSeq

More information

Link:http://fssnip.net/8g
Posted:5 years ago
Author:Gennady Loskutov
Tags: command-line , seq , parsing