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An implementation of Async.Choice

This is an implementation of the Async.Choice combinator that composes a sequence of workflows into one whose result is that of the first workflow that returns a *valid* result. You can think of it as a nondeterministic version of (Seq.tryPick id). This implementation draws ideas from Tomas Petricek's choice implementation in http://fssnip.net/6D. UPDATE (11/2015): Following the discussion in https://fslang.uservoice.com/forums/245727-f-language/suggestions/10575069-add-async-choice-to-fsharp-core I have updated the snippet.

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open System
open System.Threading

type Async with
    static member Choice(tasks : Async<'T option> seq) : Async<'T option> =
        async {
            let! t = Async.CancellationToken
            return! Async.FromContinuations <| 
                fun (cont,econt,ccont) ->
                let tasks = Seq.toArray tasks
                if tasks.Length = 0 then cont None else

                let innerCts = CancellationTokenSource.CreateLinkedTokenSource t

                let count = ref tasks.Length
                let completed = ref false
                let synchronize f =
                    lock count (fun () ->
                        if !completed then ()
                        else f ())
                
                // register for external cancellation
                do t.Register(
                    Action(fun () ->
                        synchronize (fun () ->
                            ccont <| OperationCanceledException()
                            completed := true))) |> ignore

                let wrap task =
                    async {
                        try
                            let! res = task
                            match res with
                            | None -> 
                                synchronize (fun () ->
                                    decr count
                                    if !count = 0 then 
                                        cont None
                                        innerCts.Dispose ())
                            | Some r ->
                                synchronize (fun () ->
                                    cont (Some r)
                                    innerCts.Cancel()
                                    completed := true)
                        with e -> 
                            synchronize (fun () ->
                                econt e
                                innerCts.Cancel()
                                completed := true)
                    }

                for task in tasks do
                    Async.Start(wrap task, innerCts.Token)
        }

// example 1    

let task delay result =
    async {
        do! Async.Sleep delay
        do! async.Zero () // force ct check here
        do printfn "returning %A after %d ms" result delay
        return result
    }

Async.Choice
    [ 
        task 100 None 
        task 200 (Some 1) 
        task 500 (Some 2) 
        task 1000 (Some 3)
    ] |> Async.RunSynchronously

// example 2

/// parallel existential combinator
let exists (f : 'T -> Async<bool>) inputs =
    let wrapper t =
        async {
            let! res = f t
            if res then return Some ()
            else return None
        }

    async {
        let! res = 
                inputs
                |> Seq.map wrapper
                |> Async.Choice

        return res.IsSome
    }
namespace System
namespace System.Threading
Multiple items
type Async
static member AsBeginEnd : computation:('Arg -> Async<'T>) -> ('Arg * AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * (IAsyncResult -> 'T) * (IAsyncResult -> unit)
static member AwaitEvent : event:IEvent<'Del,'T> * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T> (requires delegate and 'Del :> Delegate)
static member AwaitIAsyncResult : iar:IAsyncResult * ?millisecondsTimeout:int -> Async<bool>
static member AwaitTask : task:Task<'T> -> Async<'T>
static member AwaitWaitHandle : waitHandle:WaitHandle * ?millisecondsTimeout:int -> Async<bool>
static member CancelDefaultToken : unit -> unit
static member Catch : computation:Async<'T> -> Async<Choice<'T,exn>>
static member FromBeginEnd : beginAction:(AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * endAction:(IAsyncResult -> 'T) * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member FromBeginEnd : arg:'Arg1 * beginAction:('Arg1 * AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * endAction:(IAsyncResult -> 'T) * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member FromBeginEnd : arg1:'Arg1 * arg2:'Arg2 * beginAction:('Arg1 * 'Arg2 * AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * endAction:(IAsyncResult -> 'T) * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member FromBeginEnd : arg1:'Arg1 * arg2:'Arg2 * arg3:'Arg3 * beginAction:('Arg1 * 'Arg2 * 'Arg3 * AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * endAction:(IAsyncResult -> 'T) * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member FromContinuations : callback:(('T -> unit) * (exn -> unit) * (OperationCanceledException -> unit) -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member Ignore : computation:Async<'T> -> Async<unit>
static member OnCancel : interruption:(unit -> unit) -> Async<IDisposable>
static member Parallel : computations:seq<Async<'T>> -> Async<'T []>
static member RunSynchronously : computation:Async<'T> * ?timeout:int * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> 'T
static member Sleep : millisecondsDueTime:int -> Async<unit>
static member Start : computation:Async<unit> * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> unit
static member StartAsTask : computation:Async<'T> * ?taskCreationOptions:TaskCreationOptions * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> Task<'T>
static member StartChild : computation:Async<'T> * ?millisecondsTimeout:int -> Async<Async<'T>>
static member StartChildAsTask : computation:Async<'T> * ?taskCreationOptions:TaskCreationOptions -> Async<Task<'T>>
static member StartImmediate : computation:Async<unit> * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> unit
static member StartWithContinuations : computation:Async<'T> * continuation:('T -> unit) * exceptionContinuation:(exn -> unit) * cancellationContinuation:(OperationCanceledException -> unit) * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> unit
static member SwitchToContext : syncContext:SynchronizationContext -> Async<unit>
static member SwitchToNewThread : unit -> Async<unit>
static member SwitchToThreadPool : unit -> Async<unit>
static member TryCancelled : computation:Async<'T> * compensation:(OperationCanceledException -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member CancellationToken : Async<CancellationToken>
static member DefaultCancellationToken : CancellationToken

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Control.Async

--------------------
type Async<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Control.Async<_>
Multiple items
static member Async.Choice : tasks:seq<Async<'T option>> -> Async<'T option>

Full name: Script.Choice

--------------------
type Choice<'T1,'T2> =
  | Choice1Of2 of 'T1
  | Choice2Of2 of 'T2

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Choice<_,_>

--------------------
type Choice<'T1,'T2,'T3> =
  | Choice1Of3 of 'T1
  | Choice2Of3 of 'T2
  | Choice3Of3 of 'T3

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Choice<_,_,_>

--------------------
type Choice<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4> =
  | Choice1Of4 of 'T1
  | Choice2Of4 of 'T2
  | Choice3Of4 of 'T3
  | Choice4Of4 of 'T4

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Choice<_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Choice<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5> =
  | Choice1Of5 of 'T1
  | Choice2Of5 of 'T2
  | Choice3Of5 of 'T3
  | Choice4Of5 of 'T4
  | Choice5Of5 of 'T5

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Choice<_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Choice<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6> =
  | Choice1Of6 of 'T1
  | Choice2Of6 of 'T2
  | Choice3Of6 of 'T3
  | Choice4Of6 of 'T4
  | Choice5Of6 of 'T5
  | Choice6Of6 of 'T6

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Choice<_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Choice<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7> =
  | Choice1Of7 of 'T1
  | Choice2Of7 of 'T2
  | Choice3Of7 of 'T3
  | Choice4Of7 of 'T4
  | Choice5Of7 of 'T5
  | Choice6Of7 of 'T6
  | Choice7Of7 of 'T7

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Choice<_,_,_,_,_,_,_>
val tasks : seq<Async<'T option>>
type 'T option = Option<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.option<_>
Multiple items
val seq : sequence:seq<'T> -> seq<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.seq

--------------------
type seq<'T> = Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.seq<_>
val async : AsyncBuilder

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.ExtraTopLevelOperators.async
val t : CancellationToken
property Async.CancellationToken: Async<CancellationToken>
static member Async.FromContinuations : callback:(('T -> unit) * (exn -> unit) * (OperationCanceledException -> unit) -> unit) -> Async<'T>
val cont : ('T option -> unit)
val econt : (exn -> unit)
val ccont : (OperationCanceledException -> unit)
val tasks : Async<'T option> []
module Seq

from Microsoft.FSharp.Collections
val toArray : source:seq<'T> -> 'T []

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Seq.toArray
property Array.Length: int
union case Option.None: Option<'T>
val innerCts : CancellationTokenSource
Multiple items
type CancellationTokenSource =
  new : unit -> CancellationTokenSource
  member Cancel : unit -> unit + 1 overload
  member Dispose : unit -> unit
  member IsCancellationRequested : bool
  member Token : CancellationToken
  static member CreateLinkedTokenSource : [<ParamArray>] tokens:CancellationToken[] -> CancellationTokenSource + 1 overload

Full name: System.Threading.CancellationTokenSource

--------------------
CancellationTokenSource() : unit
CancellationTokenSource.CreateLinkedTokenSource([<ParamArray>] tokens: CancellationToken []) : CancellationTokenSource
CancellationTokenSource.CreateLinkedTokenSource(token1: CancellationToken, token2: CancellationToken) : CancellationTokenSource
val count : int ref
Multiple items
val ref : value:'T -> 'T ref

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.ref

--------------------
type 'T ref = Ref<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.ref<_>
val completed : bool ref
val synchronize : ((unit -> unit) -> unit)
val f : (unit -> unit)
val lock : lockObject:'Lock -> action:(unit -> 'T) -> 'T (requires reference type)

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.lock
CancellationToken.Register(callback: Action) : CancellationTokenRegistration
CancellationToken.Register(callback: Action<obj>, state: obj) : CancellationTokenRegistration
CancellationToken.Register(callback: Action, useSynchronizationContext: bool) : CancellationTokenRegistration
CancellationToken.Register(callback: Action<obj>, state: obj, useSynchronizationContext: bool) : CancellationTokenRegistration
Multiple items
type Action =
  delegate of unit -> unit

Full name: System.Action

--------------------
type Action<'T> =
  delegate of 'T -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7,'T8> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 * 'T8 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7,'T8,'T9> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 * 'T8 * 'T9 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7,'T8,'T9,'T10> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 * 'T8 * 'T9 * 'T10 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7,'T8,'T9,'T10,'T11> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 * 'T8 * 'T9 * 'T10 * 'T11 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7,'T8,'T9,'T10,'T11,'T12> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 * 'T8 * 'T9 * 'T10 * 'T11 * 'T12 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7,'T8,'T9,'T10,'T11,'T12,'T13> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 * 'T8 * 'T9 * 'T10 * 'T11 * 'T12 * 'T13 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7,'T8,'T9,'T10,'T11,'T12,'T13,'T14> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 * 'T8 * 'T9 * 'T10 * 'T11 * 'T12 * 'T13 * 'T14 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7,'T8,'T9,'T10,'T11,'T12,'T13,'T14,'T15> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 * 'T8 * 'T9 * 'T10 * 'T11 * 'T12 * 'T13 * 'T14 * 'T15 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_>

--------------------
type Action<'T1,'T2,'T3,'T4,'T5,'T6,'T7,'T8,'T9,'T10,'T11,'T12,'T13,'T14,'T15,'T16> =
  delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 * 'T4 * 'T5 * 'T6 * 'T7 * 'T8 * 'T9 * 'T10 * 'T11 * 'T12 * 'T13 * 'T14 * 'T15 * 'T16 -> unit

Full name: System.Action<_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_>
Multiple items
type OperationCanceledException =
  inherit SystemException
  new : unit -> OperationCanceledException + 5 overloads
  member CancellationToken : CancellationToken with get, set

Full name: System.OperationCanceledException

--------------------
OperationCanceledException() : unit
OperationCanceledException(message: string) : unit
OperationCanceledException(token: CancellationToken) : unit
OperationCanceledException(message: string, innerException: exn) : unit
OperationCanceledException(message: string, token: CancellationToken) : unit
OperationCanceledException(message: string, innerException: exn, token: CancellationToken) : unit
val ignore : value:'T -> unit

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.ignore
val wrap : (Async<'T option> -> Async<unit>)
val task : Async<'T option>
val res : 'T option
val decr : cell:int ref -> unit

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.decr
CancellationTokenSource.Dispose() : unit
union case Option.Some: Value: 'T -> Option<'T>
val r : 'T
CancellationTokenSource.Cancel() : unit
CancellationTokenSource.Cancel(throwOnFirstException: bool) : unit
val e : exn
static member Async.Start : computation:Async<unit> * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> unit
property CancellationTokenSource.Token: CancellationToken
val task : delay:int -> result:'a -> Async<'a>

Full name: Script.task
val delay : int
val result : 'a
static member Async.Sleep : millisecondsDueTime:int -> Async<unit>
member AsyncBuilder.Zero : unit -> Async<unit>
val printfn : format:Printf.TextWriterFormat<'T> -> 'T

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.ExtraTopLevelOperators.printfn
static member Async.Choice : tasks:seq<Async<'T option>> -> Async<'T option>
static member Async.RunSynchronously : computation:Async<'T> * ?timeout:int * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> 'T
val exists : f:('T -> Async<bool>) -> inputs:seq<'T> -> Async<bool>

Full name: Script.exists


 parallel existential combinator
val f : ('T -> Async<bool>)
type bool = Boolean

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.bool
val inputs : seq<'T>
val wrapper : ('T -> Async<unit option>)
val t : 'T
val res : bool
val res : unit option
val map : mapping:('T -> 'U) -> source:seq<'T> -> seq<'U>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Seq.map
property Option.IsSome: bool

More information

Link:http://fssnip.net/dO
Posted:7 years ago
Author:Eirik Tsarpalis
Tags: async , choice , cancellation