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toString and fromString for discriminated unions

General toString and fromString for discriminated unions using FSharp.Reflection

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open Microsoft.FSharp.Reflection

let toString (x:'a) = 
    match FSharpValue.GetUnionFields(x, typeof<'a>) with
    | case, _ -> case.Name

let fromString<'a> (s:string) =
    match FSharpType.GetUnionCases typeof<'a> |> Array.filter (fun case -> case.Name = s) with
    |[|case|] -> Some(FSharpValue.MakeUnion(case,[||]) :?> 'a)
    |_ -> None

// Usage:
// type A = X|Y|Z with
//     member this.toString = toString this
//     static member fromString s = fromString<A> s

// > X.toString;;
// val it : string = "X"

// > A.fromString "X";;
// val it : A option = Some X

// > A.fromString "W";;
// val it : A option = None

// > toString X;;
// val it : string = "X"

// > fromString<A> "X";;
// val it : A option = Some X
namespace Microsoft
namespace Microsoft.FSharp
namespace Microsoft.FSharp.Reflection
val toString : x:'a -> string

Full name: Script.toString
val x : 'a
type FSharpValue =
  static member GetExceptionFields : exn:obj * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> obj []
  static member GetRecordField : record:obj * info:PropertyInfo -> obj
  static member GetRecordFields : record:obj * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> obj []
  static member GetTupleField : tuple:obj * index:int -> obj
  static member GetTupleFields : tuple:obj -> obj []
  static member GetUnionFields : value:obj * unionType:Type * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> UnionCaseInfo * obj []
  static member MakeFunction : functionType:Type * implementation:(obj -> obj) -> obj
  static member MakeRecord : recordType:Type * values:obj [] * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> obj
  static member MakeTuple : tupleElements:obj [] * tupleType:Type -> obj
  static member MakeUnion : unionCase:UnionCaseInfo * args:obj [] * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> obj
  ...

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Reflection.FSharpValue
static member FSharpValue.GetUnionFields : value:obj * unionType:System.Type * ?allowAccessToPrivateRepresentation:bool -> UnionCaseInfo * obj []
static member FSharpValue.GetUnionFields : value:obj * unionType:System.Type * ?bindingFlags:System.Reflection.BindingFlags -> UnionCaseInfo * obj []
val typeof<'T> : System.Type

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.typeof
val case : UnionCaseInfo
property UnionCaseInfo.Name: string
val fromString : s:string -> 'a option

Full name: Script.fromString
val s : string
Multiple items
val string : value:'T -> string

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.string

--------------------
type string = System.String

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.string
type FSharpType =
  static member GetExceptionFields : exceptionType:Type * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> PropertyInfo []
  static member GetFunctionElements : functionType:Type -> Type * Type
  static member GetRecordFields : recordType:Type * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> PropertyInfo []
  static member GetTupleElements : tupleType:Type -> Type []
  static member GetUnionCases : unionType:Type * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> UnionCaseInfo []
  static member IsExceptionRepresentation : exceptionType:Type * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> bool
  static member IsFunction : typ:Type -> bool
  static member IsModule : typ:Type -> bool
  static member IsRecord : typ:Type * ?bindingFlags:BindingFlags -> bool
  static member IsTuple : typ:Type -> bool
  ...

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Reflection.FSharpType
static member FSharpType.GetUnionCases : unionType:System.Type * ?allowAccessToPrivateRepresentation:bool -> UnionCaseInfo []
static member FSharpType.GetUnionCases : unionType:System.Type * ?bindingFlags:System.Reflection.BindingFlags -> UnionCaseInfo []
module Array

from Microsoft.FSharp.Collections
val filter : predicate:('T -> bool) -> array:'T [] -> 'T []

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Array.filter
union case Option.Some: Value: 'T -> Option<'T>
static member FSharpValue.MakeUnion : unionCase:UnionCaseInfo * args:obj [] * ?allowAccessToPrivateRepresentation:bool -> obj
static member FSharpValue.MakeUnion : unionCase:UnionCaseInfo * args:obj [] * ?bindingFlags:System.Reflection.BindingFlags -> obj
union case Option.None: Option<'T>

More information

Link:http://fssnip.net/9l
Posted:5 years ago
Author:Jonas Avelin
Tags: discriminated union , string