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.NET Core 3 Windows Service

With .NET Core 3 a template 'dotnet new worker' was created that allows services to be created. The template currently only works to create C# code so this snippet shows how I have translated the C# into F# and the steps needed to create the service. dotnet new console -lang F# -o FsharpService cd FsharpService dotnet add package Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting.WindowsServices dotnet add package System.Net.NameResolution Update the program.fs as shown below and then build and install the service dotnet publish -r win-x64 -c Release /p:PublishSingleFile=true /p:PublishTrimmed=true -o "./published" sc create fSharpService binPath= "<>\FsharpService.exe"

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open System
open System.Threading.Tasks
open Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection
open Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting
open Microsoft.Extensions.Logging

type Worker(logger : ILogger<Worker>) =
    inherit BackgroundService()
    let _logger = logger
    override bs.ExecuteAsync stoppingToken =
        let f : Async<unit> = async {
            while not stoppingToken.IsCancellationRequested do
                _logger.LogInformation("Worker running at: {time}", DateTimeOffset.Now)
                do! Async.Sleep(1000)
        }
        // ExecuteAsync needs to return a task, hence up-cast from Task<unit> to plain Task.
        Async.StartAsTask f :> Task

let CreateHostBuilder argv : IHostBuilder =
    let builder = Host.CreateDefaultBuilder(argv)
    builder
        .UseWindowsService()
        .ConfigureServices(fun hostContext services -> services.AddHostedService<Worker>() |> ignore<IServiceCollection>)

[<EntryPoint>]
let main argv =
    let hostBuilder = CreateHostBuilder argv
    hostBuilder.Build().Run()
    0 // return an integer exit code
namespace System
namespace System.Threading
namespace System.Threading.Tasks
namespace Microsoft
Multiple items
type Worker =
  inherit obj
  new : logger:'a -> Worker
  override ExecuteAsync : stoppingToken:'a -> 'b

Full name: Script.Worker

--------------------
new : logger:'a -> Worker
val logger : 'a
override Worker.ExecuteAsync : stoppingToken:'a -> 'b

Full name: Script.Worker.ExecuteAsync
Multiple items
type Async
static member AsBeginEnd : computation:('Arg -> Async<'T>) -> ('Arg * AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * (IAsyncResult -> 'T) * (IAsyncResult -> unit)
static member AwaitEvent : event:IEvent<'Del,'T> * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T> (requires delegate and 'Del :> Delegate)
static member AwaitIAsyncResult : iar:IAsyncResult * ?millisecondsTimeout:int -> Async<bool>
static member AwaitTask : task:Task -> Async<unit>
static member AwaitTask : task:Task<'T> -> Async<'T>
static member AwaitWaitHandle : waitHandle:WaitHandle * ?millisecondsTimeout:int -> Async<bool>
static member CancelDefaultToken : unit -> unit
static member Catch : computation:Async<'T> -> Async<Choice<'T,exn>>
static member FromBeginEnd : beginAction:(AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * endAction:(IAsyncResult -> 'T) * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member FromBeginEnd : arg:'Arg1 * beginAction:('Arg1 * AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * endAction:(IAsyncResult -> 'T) * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member FromBeginEnd : arg1:'Arg1 * arg2:'Arg2 * beginAction:('Arg1 * 'Arg2 * AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * endAction:(IAsyncResult -> 'T) * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member FromBeginEnd : arg1:'Arg1 * arg2:'Arg2 * arg3:'Arg3 * beginAction:('Arg1 * 'Arg2 * 'Arg3 * AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult) * endAction:(IAsyncResult -> 'T) * ?cancelAction:(unit -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member FromContinuations : callback:(('T -> unit) * (exn -> unit) * (OperationCanceledException -> unit) -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member Ignore : computation:Async<'T> -> Async<unit>
static member OnCancel : interruption:(unit -> unit) -> Async<IDisposable>
static member Parallel : computations:seq<Async<'T>> -> Async<'T []>
static member RunSynchronously : computation:Async<'T> * ?timeout:int * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> 'T
static member Sleep : millisecondsDueTime:int -> Async<unit>
static member Start : computation:Async<unit> * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> unit
static member StartAsTask : computation:Async<'T> * ?taskCreationOptions:TaskCreationOptions * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> Task<'T>
static member StartChild : computation:Async<'T> * ?millisecondsTimeout:int -> Async<Async<'T>>
static member StartChildAsTask : computation:Async<'T> * ?taskCreationOptions:TaskCreationOptions -> Async<Task<'T>>
static member StartImmediate : computation:Async<unit> * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> unit
static member StartWithContinuations : computation:Async<'T> * continuation:('T -> unit) * exceptionContinuation:(exn -> unit) * cancellationContinuation:(OperationCanceledException -> unit) * ?cancellationToken:CancellationToken -> unit
static member SwitchToContext : syncContext:SynchronizationContext -> Async<unit>
static member SwitchToNewThread : unit -> Async<unit>
static member SwitchToThreadPool : unit -> Async<unit>
static member TryCancelled : computation:Async<'T> * compensation:(OperationCanceledException -> unit) -> Async<'T>
static member CancellationToken : Async<CancellationToken>
static member DefaultCancellationToken : CancellationToken

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Control.Async

--------------------
type Async<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Control.Async<_>
type unit = Unit

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.unit
val async : AsyncBuilder

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.ExtraTopLevelOperators.async
val not : value:bool -> bool

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.not
Multiple items
type DateTimeOffset =
  struct
    new : dateTime:DateTime -> DateTimeOffset + 5 overloads
    member Add : timeSpan:TimeSpan -> DateTimeOffset
    member AddDays : days:float -> DateTimeOffset
    member AddHours : hours:float -> DateTimeOffset
    member AddMilliseconds : milliseconds:float -> DateTimeOffset
    member AddMinutes : minutes:float -> DateTimeOffset
    member AddMonths : months:int -> DateTimeOffset
    member AddSeconds : seconds:float -> DateTimeOffset
    member AddTicks : ticks:int64 -> DateTimeOffset
    member AddYears : years:int -> DateTimeOffset
    ...
  end

Full name: System.DateTimeOffset

--------------------
DateTimeOffset()
DateTimeOffset(dateTime: DateTime) : unit
DateTimeOffset(ticks: int64, offset: TimeSpan) : unit
DateTimeOffset(dateTime: DateTime, offset: TimeSpan) : unit
DateTimeOffset(year: int, month: int, day: int, hour: int, minute: int, second: int, offset: TimeSpan) : unit
DateTimeOffset(year: int, month: int, day: int, hour: int, minute: int, second: int, millisecond: int, offset: TimeSpan) : unit
DateTimeOffset(year: int, month: int, day: int, hour: int, minute: int, second: int, millisecond: int, calendar: Globalization.Calendar, offset: TimeSpan) : unit
property DateTimeOffset.Now: DateTimeOffset
static member Async.Sleep : millisecondsDueTime:int -> Async<unit>
static member Async.StartAsTask : computation:Async<'T> * ?taskCreationOptions:TaskCreationOptions * ?cancellationToken:Threading.CancellationToken -> Task<'T>
Multiple items
type Task =
  new : action:Action -> Task + 7 overloads
  member AsyncState : obj
  member ContinueWith : continuationAction:Action<Task> -> Task + 9 overloads
  member CreationOptions : TaskCreationOptions
  member Dispose : unit -> unit
  member Exception : AggregateException
  member Id : int
  member IsCanceled : bool
  member IsCompleted : bool
  member IsFaulted : bool
  ...

Full name: System.Threading.Tasks.Task

--------------------
type Task<'TResult> =
  inherit Task
  new : function:Func<'TResult> -> Task<'TResult> + 7 overloads
  member ContinueWith : continuationAction:Action<Task<'TResult>> -> Task + 9 overloads
  member Result : 'TResult with get, set
  static member Factory : TaskFactory<'TResult>

Full name: System.Threading.Tasks.Task<_>

--------------------
Task(action: Action) : unit
Task(action: Action, cancellationToken: Threading.CancellationToken) : unit
Task(action: Action, creationOptions: TaskCreationOptions) : unit
Task(action: Action<obj>, state: obj) : unit
Task(action: Action, cancellationToken: Threading.CancellationToken, creationOptions: TaskCreationOptions) : unit
Task(action: Action<obj>, state: obj, cancellationToken: Threading.CancellationToken) : unit
Task(action: Action<obj>, state: obj, creationOptions: TaskCreationOptions) : unit
Task(action: Action<obj>, state: obj, cancellationToken: Threading.CancellationToken, creationOptions: TaskCreationOptions) : unit

--------------------
Task(function: Func<'TResult>) : unit
Task(function: Func<'TResult>, cancellationToken: Threading.CancellationToken) : unit
Task(function: Func<'TResult>, creationOptions: TaskCreationOptions) : unit
Task(function: Func<obj,'TResult>, state: obj) : unit
Task(function: Func<'TResult>, cancellationToken: Threading.CancellationToken, creationOptions: TaskCreationOptions) : unit
Task(function: Func<obj,'TResult>, state: obj, cancellationToken: Threading.CancellationToken) : unit
Task(function: Func<obj,'TResult>, state: obj, creationOptions: TaskCreationOptions) : unit
Task(function: Func<obj,'TResult>, state: obj, cancellationToken: Threading.CancellationToken, creationOptions: TaskCreationOptions) : unit
val CreateHostBuilder : argv:'a -> 'b

Full name: Script.CreateHostBuilder
val argv : 'a
val builder : obj
val ignore : value:'T -> unit

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.ignore
Multiple items
type EntryPointAttribute =
  inherit Attribute
  new : unit -> EntryPointAttribute

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.EntryPointAttribute

--------------------
new : unit -> EntryPointAttribute
val main : argv:string [] -> int

Full name: Script.main
val argv : string []
val hostBuilder : obj

More information

Link:http://fssnip.net/7Xb
Posted:1 month ago
Author:Jackson McCann
Tags: windows service