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Null Value guard active pattern

An active pattern that protects from null reference exceptions stemming from pattern matches on values materialized by .NET libraries such as Newtonsoft.Json

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let (|Null|NotNull|) (x : 'T when 'T : not struct) =
    if obj.ReferenceEquals(x, null) then Null else NotNull x

// Examples

// throws nullreference exception
match [Unchecked.defaultof<int ref>] with
| [{ contents = 42 }] -> true
| _ -> false

// evaluates to 1
match [Unchecked.defaultof<int ref>] with
| [NotNull { contents = 42 }] -> 0
| [Null] -> 1
val x : 'T (requires reference type)
val not : value:bool -> bool

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.not
type obj = System.Object

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.obj
System.Object.ReferenceEquals(objA: obj, objB: obj) : bool
module Unchecked

from Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators
val defaultof<'T> : 'T

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.Unchecked.defaultof
Multiple items
val int : value:'T -> int (requires member op_Explicit)

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.int

--------------------
type int = int32

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.int

--------------------
type int<'Measure> = int

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.int<_>
Multiple items
val ref : value:'T -> 'T ref

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.Operators.ref

--------------------
type 'T ref = Ref<'T>

Full name: Microsoft.FSharp.Core.ref<_>
active recognizer NotNull: 'T -> Choice<unit,'T>

Full name: Script.( |Null|NotNull| )
active recognizer Null: 'T -> Choice<unit,'T>

Full name: Script.( |Null|NotNull| )
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More information

Link:http://fssnip.net/7UQ
Posted:2 months ago
Author:Eirik Tsarpalis
Tags: #active patterns